Navigating the Increasing Cost of Aquaculture Production in 2023

Stakeholders Networking in Aquaculture
October 30, 2023
Mortality Management in Aquaculture
October 30, 2023
Stakeholders Networking in Aquaculture
October 30, 2023
Mortality Management in Aquaculture
October 30, 2023

Experts have decried the soaring cost of production operations in the aquaculture subsector in 2023, especially in Nigeria. On May 29, 2023, President Bola Ahmed Tinubu, in his inaugural address at the Eagle Square, Abuja, declared that the government would no longer be funding the petroleum subsidy.

On the heels of that announcement, the prices of Premium Motor Spirits (PMS), also called petrol, skyrocketed, with the attendant effect of increases in the costs of every other item sold in markets around the country.

With petrol now retailing at rates between ₦500 and ₦800, inflation rates have gone higher, which affects all sectors of the economy, including the aquaculture segment of the agriculture sector.

The rising cost of aquaculture production this year poses challenges for fish farmers. Let’s discuss some strategies that can help you navigate these cost pressures in 2023:

Improved Water Management

Efficient water management practices can contribute to cost reduction. Proper pond or tank management, including regular water exchange, aeration, and water quality monitoring, can help maintain optimal conditions for fish growth and reduce the risk of disease outbreaks. This, in turn, reduces the need for expensive medications and treatments.

Efficient Feed Management

Fish feed is one of the significant cost components in aquaculture production. Implementing efficient feed management practices can help optimize feed utilization and reduce wastage. This includes proper feeding schedules, monitoring feeding rates, and using high-quality feeds with balanced nutritional profiles.

Alternative Feed Ingredients

As the cost of traditional fish feed ingredients, such as fishmeal and soybean meal, continues to rise, exploring alternative feed ingredients can be cost-effective. This includes incorporating locally available ingredients like agricultural byproducts, insects, and microorganisms into the feed formulation.

Research and collaboration with experts can help you in identifying suitable alternative ingredients that meet the nutritional requirements of the target fish species.

Economies of Scale

Scaling up production can help achieve economies of scale and reduce production costs per unit. This can be achieved through farm expansion, improved production efficiency, and adopting suitable production systems that maximize productivity.

However, you need to be careful planning and feasibility assessments should be conducted to ensure that the market demand can support increased production.

Disease Prevention and Management

Disease outbreaks can lead to significant financial losses. Implementing effective disease prevention and management strategies can help minimize the impact and associated costs. This includes regular health monitoring, maintaining biosecurity measures, proper quarantine procedures, and implementing vaccination programs where applicable.

Working closely with veterinarians or aquaculture experts can provide valuable guidance in disease prevention and management.

Access to Finance and Government Support

Consider exploring financial support options and government programs aimed at supporting aquaculture farmers. This includes low-interest loans, grants, subsidies, or tax incentives for infrastructure development, equipment acquisition, and research and development.

You should stay informed about government policies and initiatives that can provide financial relief or facilitate cost-saving measures.

Value Addition and Diversification

Exploring value addition opportunities can enhance profitability. Fish processing, packaging, and marketing of value-added products can generate higher returns compared to selling live or fresh fish. In addition, diversifying product offerings, such as producing fingerlings or ornamental fish, can help capture niche markets and increase revenue streams.

Market Research and Optimization

Conduct thorough market research to understand consumer preferences, market trends, and demands. This can help you optimize production strategies, target specific market segments, and develop marketing plans that maximize profitability.

Collaboration and Knowledge Sharing

Engage with other fish farmers, industry associations, research institutions, and experts to share knowledge, experiences, and best practices. Networking and collaboration can help access valuable information on cost-saving techniques, new technologies, and market trends.


By adopting these strategies and continuously monitoring and optimizing production practices, fish farmers can navigate the increasing cost pressures in aquaculture production in 2023. Flexibility, innovation, and a proactive approach are key to addressing the challenges and ensuring long-term sustainability and profitability in the aquaculture industry.